SEXUAL ASSAULT NURSE EXAM
YWCA Kalamazoo is the only provider of Sexual Assault Nurse Exams (SANE) in the county. We offer highly trained, specialized and consistent service delivery to rape victims/survivors ages 13 and older through a medical forensic examination done in a non-hospital environment, on-site at the YWCA Kalamazoo. YWCA Kalamazoo SANEs are confidential. Our nurse examiners provide uninterrupted exams in a quiet, private, and comforting examination room. For emergency medical situations, our SANE nurses will conduct exams at area hospitals. SANEs are free to all survivors of sexual assault. Please contact our crisis line at (269) 385-3587 for more information.
Who is eligible?
All survivors of sexual assault in Kalamazoo County are eligible. The survivor must desire exam and be able to give consent for the exam. The survivor must have no other emergency medical concerns at the time of the exam.
Are there age requirements?
There are no age requirements. The location of the exam will depend on age. For any female who has had her first period or males who are ages 10 and older, exams will be performed at the YWCA Kalamazoo. Examinations for pediatric patients (females who have not had their first period and boys younger than 10) exams are performed at Bronson Hospital.
How soon after my assault do I need to get an exam?
SANEs need to be performed within 120 hours of an assault.
Where do I receive the exam at?
SANEs are performed at the YWCA Kalamazoo. We are located at 353 E. Michigan Ave, Kalamazoo, MI 49007. For emergency medical situations, our SANE nurses will conduct exams at area hospitals. For pediatric patients (females who have not had their first period and boys younger than 10) exams are performed at Bronson Hospital. Bronson Hospital is located at 601 John St, Kalamazoo, MI 49007.
Is there a fee?
No, this service is free of charge.
What training does the nurse have?
A Nurse Examiner is a registered nurse who has special training in:
- Medical forensic exams
- Injury documentation
- Victim response to sexual assault
- Evidence collection
- Court room testimony
What exactly does the nurse do?
During a SANE, the nurse will:
- Perform physical examination, assessing both physical and emotional status
- Assess and document injuries
- Assess need for/provide medications to prevent sexually transmitted infections
- Assess need for/provide emergency contraception (morning after pill)
- Assess the patient’s safety and help her/him develop a safety plan
- Forensic evidence collection, preservation and submission to law enforcement, if survivor requests
- Provide counseling referrals
What is the process?
Appointments are made through the YWCA Kalamazoo crisis line of (269) 385-3587. Survivors and their selected support group of friends and/or family will be greeted by YWCA Kalamazoo staff or YWCA Kalamazoo Sexual Assault Supportive Volunteers. YWCA Kalamazoo Sexual Assault Supportive Volunteers provide emotional and informational support to the survivor and their family/friends. Throughout the process survivors are empowered to access services and make their own choices. Survivors are asked to tell the story of their assault only once. The nurse will perform the SANE. The nurse will review ‘aftercare’ instructions and answer any questions before the survivor leaves. Following the exam, the Nurse will document the history, assessment and care of the patient on the standard “Michigan Medical Forensic Examination Record.” All evidence will be collected and packaged appropriately.
What happens after the SANE?
Evidence kits will be kept for 365 days following the exam. Depending on the wishes of the non-pediatric survivors, evidence kits will be turned over to law enforcement. Consent must be given for evidence kits to be turned over to law enforcement. The counseling staff will contact the survivor (with their permission) within a few days to talk about counseling services or other concerns the survivor may have. YWCA Kalamazoo provides free follow-up counseling and advocacy services.